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Early Campaigning Causes a Stir: Is the Republican Party of Armenia Above the Law?

Ruling RPA Jumps the Gun with Large-Scale Campaign Banners Across Yerevan

YEREVAN (A.W.)—Election posters and banners of the ruling Republican Party of Armenia (RPA) have sprung up across Yerevan, days ahead of the official kick-off of campaigning for the upcoming Parliamentary elections, causing quite a stir.

Photographs of large-scale banners donning the RPA’s campaign slogan “Security and Progress,” the party’s campaign website, and images of Prime Minister Karen Karapetyan, President Serge Sarkisian, and other RPA officials placed in various downtown-Yerevan locales, began circulating on social media and Armenian news outlets on March 2, three days before political parties and blocs are officially permitted to actively campaign.

Election posters and banners of the ruling RPA have sprung up across Yerevan, days ahead of the official kick-off of campaigning for the upcoming Parliamentary elections, causing quite a stir. (Photo: RFE/RL Armenian Service TV)

Though official election campaigning begins on March 5, parties and political blocs have begun revealing their slogans, views, and, programs over the past few weeks.

Several across Armenia, including a representative from the Citizen Observer initiative, have called the RPA’s move a violation of campaign rules and regulations.

“The Central Electoral Commission (CEC) of Armenia must immediately demand that the posters are removed. We [Citizen Observer] will also note these violations and publish them,” Arthur Sakunts, a representative from the initiative told reporters on March 3. “We will present our clear demands, but it is important that the CEC doesn’t waste time and take steps to correct this gross violation,” Sakunts added.

Speaking to the Armenian Weekly, Armenian citizen and Yerevan resident Ivan Ardhaldjian found it strange the large RPA campaign advertisements have begun to appear on city billboards before the legal kickoff date, days after the RPA vouched for transparency in the election process. “[The banners] come just days after President Serge Sarkisian, the chairman of the RPA announced: ‘We have set the bar high: to conduct democratic, free, fair, and transparent elections.’ Are the RPA campaign ads the tip of the iceberg?” Ardhaldjian asked.

The CEC released a statement on March 3 after being probed by concerned citizens and journalists, including the Yerevan-based investigative online newspaper Hetq. “The [posters] are not a violation of the electoral legislation,” the CEC said regarding large-scale posters that were put on buildings in Yerevan’s Sakharov Square and Arshakunyats avenue. “Parties and blocs are free to do as they please within their rights,” the statement went on to say.

The Electoral Code of the Republic of Armenia, which was adopted in June 2016 states: “The fact that the period of election campaign is fixed, shall not restrict the conduct of election campaign during other periods not prohibited by this Code,” prohibiting campaigning “on voting day and on the day preceding it.”

So, the RPA’s banners may not be illegal after all…

(Below is an RFE/RL Armenian service video of several campaign banners put up across Yerevan.)

That has not stopped concerned citizens and residents from voicing their discontent, though. Many have said that the banners may exceed the acceptable size of printed materials.

“I have been trying to contact the Prime Minister’s office all morning, but they don’t have answers. It seems as though they have learned my number and will no longer answer phone,” Sanan Derbedrosian, a repatriate living in Yerevan, told the Armenian Weekly. “One begins to wonder what [the RPA] is trying to achieve by campaigning two days early. It just proves that they are ready to break the rules,” she added.

“Elections in Armenia have been rigged since 1995, and one of the hearths of this problem has been the CEC itself,” journalist and ANI Armenian Research Center coordinator Tatul Hakobyan said in a Facebook status. “It’s very natural that [CEC President Tigran] Mukuchyan doesn’t consider these ‘small’ things as being in violation of the rules,” Hakobyan added.

Commenting on the matter, RPA spokesperson and Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly of Armenia Eduard Sharmazanov told reporters on today that the party has not started campaigning and called the banners a “technical problem,” not a political one.

“The RPA has been above the law for a long time… Why should they care now?” said one citizen, when asked to provide comments to the Armenian Weekly. “I don’t think that they really care about repentance,” said the man, who wished to remain anonymous.

If it is, in fact, a “technical problem,” then will the RPA be forced to take down the oversized banners when the official campaigning starts?

Though Armenian Revolutionary Federation (ARF) Parliamentary Faction leader and head of the party’s election ticket Armen Rustamyan did not explicitly condemn the RPA, he said that few within the ARF would want their photographs plastered over giant posters. “You won’t see any large banners of our photos anytime soon,” Rustamyan said while speaking to reporters.

On April 2, Armenia will go to the polls to elect a new National Assembly (Parliament) in the first election conducted since the adoption of the country’s new Constitution.

 

 

3 Comments on Early Campaigning Causes a Stir: Is the Republican Party of Armenia Above the Law?

  1. Thank you for this article.
    Well, the government has rigged the election anyway because it has bribed and coerced people beforehand.
    I wish the poll-watchers well, but it may not make any difference.

  2. avatar Giro Manoyan // March 3, 2017 at 5:56 pm // Reply

    Unfortunately, the “Armenian Weekly” has erred (as have others in Armenia) in raising this issue, because the Electoral Code of the Republic of Armenia (June 2016) says: “The fact that the period of election campaign is fixed, shall not restrict the conduct of election campaign during other periods not prohibited by this Code.” And “The campaign — on the voting day and on the day preceding it — through public speeches, public events, as well as through print media, radio companies and television companies (including during satellite broadcasting) carrying out terrestrial on-air broadcasting shall be prohibited.”
    We should all be vigilant during the elections, but we should do that by respecting the law. To respect the law, we should first read it. You can do that here: https://www.ecoi.net/file_upload/1226_1468568887_armenia-electoral-code-as-of-30june2016.pdf

    CHAPTER 4
    ELECTION CAMPAIGN
    Article 19. Main principles of election campaign
    1. Period of the election campaign shall be the period prescribed by this Code, during which the rules prescribed by this Code on making use of public resources, conducting election campaign and ensuring financial transparency are in place for the purpose of ensuring equal opportunities for the political parties running in elections and candidates.
    The fact that the period of election campaign is fixed, shall not restrict the conduct of election campaign during other periods not prohibited by this Code.
    The period of election campaign shall start on the 7th day following the last day of the time period prescribed by this Code for the registration of the electoral lists of political parties running in elections and of the candidates and shall expire one day before the voting day. The campaign during that period shall be hereinafter referred to as “the
    election campaign”.
    The campaign — on the voting day and on the day preceding it — through public speeches, public events, as well as through print media, radio companies and television companies (including during satellite broadcasting) carrying out terrestrial on-air broadcasting shall be prohibited.

  3. What kind of ruling is this?, that ““The fact that the period of election campaign is fixed, shall not restrict the conduct of election campaign during other periods not prohibited by this Code,” I am not a lawyer, but this tells me that the start of the RPA’s campaign is perfectly legal. It does not violate this ruling in any way let along the concern that hanging bannes three days ahead of an understandaing has a bearing on the outcoem of the election. I do not believe for a moment that the voters in Armenia are stupid enough to cast their votes in favor of those whose banner wer hung few days earlier than the rest. Was this ungenetlemanly? Sure is, but c’mmon, this is an election and we know how dsistasteful they get here at home, in U.S.

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