Armenian Olympians: Ancient Olympiads to London 2012

Long before Baron Pierre de Coubertin, after a nearly 1200-year hiatus, organized the Modern Olympics of “Athens 1896,” the Ancient Olympics that began in 776 B.C. honored countless athletes every four years, including some famous Armenians.

Memorial plate at Olympia, Greece recording Olympic win in 385 A.D. by King Ardavazt

Among them, Prince Varazdat Arshakuni (Վարազդատ in Armenian; Latinized as Varastades), later King of Armenia, was the last known recorded Ancient Olympic victor who won the boxing event at the 291st Olympiad (in 385 A.D.). A memorial plate, now in display at the Olympic Museum in Olympia, Greece, details his win as the most honored champion of the 291st Olympiad. At the 265th Olympiad, 104 years earlier (281 A.D.), another of the famous non-Greek winners (in wrestling) was the Armenian King Trdat III (286-342 A.D), who in 301 A.D. adopted Christianity as the state religion, making Armenia the first Christian nation. The exploits of both kings were chronicled by the Armenian Historian Movses Khorenatsi (Moses of Khoren) in his History of Armenia.

The end of the Ancient Olympics came in 393 A.D., when the Roman Emperor Theodosius I, a convert to Christianity, legally abolished the games as an old “pagan” religious rite. In 1998, the International Olympic Academy installed in Olympia a marble bust by sculptor Levon Tokmajyan, honoring the Armenian King Varazdat Arshakuni (385 A.D.).

The first Armenian Olympic champion of the Modern Olympics was Hrant Shahinyan (1923-96), born in the village of Gyulagarak, who at age 28 competed at the 1952 Helsinki Olympics as a member of the USSR Artistic Gymnastic National Team, receiving two gold medals in gymnastic rings and team combined exercises, and two silvers in gymnastics individual men’s all-around and the pommeled horse. He was also a seven-time USSR and two-time world champion. Among the other Armenian athletes competing alongside Shahinyan—all representing the Soviet Union—were Albert Azaryan and Artur Akopyan.

Armenia was represented as a unified country for the first time at the 1992 Barcelona Olympics as part of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). With only five athletes participating, the team won three gold medals in weightlifting, wrestling, and sharp-shooting. Armenia has been competing as an official independent nation since the 1994 Lillehammer Winter Games.

Marble bust of King Ardavazt by sculptor Levon Tokmajyan installed in Olympia, Greece, in 1998.

In recent years, Armenian athletes have succeed mainly in weightlifting and wrestling. In fact, at the 2008 Beijing Olympics, medals awarded were three in weightlifting, two in wrestling, and one in boxing, all bronze.

The Republic of Armenia was proudly represented by 25 athletes at the XXX Olympiad, the 2012 London Summer Games, encompassing a variety of sports, with competitors in wrestling, weightlifting, shooting, swimming, artistic gymnastics, judo, taekwondo, and athletics. Of the 25 athletes there, 7 were competing in wrestling and 6 in weightlifting.

Armenian President Serge Sarkisian was in attendance at the London Opening Ceremony on Fri., July 27. On Sun., July 30 he attended the Armenian Open-Air Festival, organized by the Diocese of the Armenian Apostolic Church in the United Kingdom and Ireland, in honor of Armenia’s athletes participating in London 2012. He also watched some of the athletes perform on Sat., July 28, including the boxing match for men’s middle (75 kg.) between Andranik Hakobyan and the American Terrell Gausha. Hakobyan was born in Echmiadzin in 1985. As the Americans in the crowd cheered for Gausha, the overbearing cries of “Ar-men-ia” could be heard from the other fans. The match ended in a 3-4 loss after the referee called an end to the contest.

Several other Armenian athletes were competing for countries other than Armenia. Among them, Arsen Galstyan, representing Russia, won that country’s first gold medal—in men’s 60 kg. judo category on July 28, wrestling the gold from the Japanese contender, Hiroaki Hiraoka. The same day, another Armenian in the same category, Hovhannes Davtyan representing Armenia, born in 1983 in Gyumri, was eliminated in an earlier round. Born in Soviet Armenia in 1989, Galstyan was trained at an early age after his move to Russia. His siblings, Arman and Tigran, also compete in the same sport. When asked about his training routine, Galstyan reportedly said, “When I have nobody to train with, I recruit one of my brothers, it seems to me that my victories give them additional stimulation to train and win.”

Famed professional tennis player and former world no. 3 David Nalbandian, who is competing for Argentina, was born in Unquillo, Cordoba Province, Argentina in 1982 to a mother of Italian origin and a father of Armenian origin. He was introduced to tennis as a young boy, playing in a cement court in their backyard built by his Armenian grandfather, and became a professional tennis player at 18. He was eliminated in the first round of the men’s singles and doubles on July 28. His doubles partner was Eduardo Schwank.

Hrant Shahinyan, representing the U.S.S.R. earned 2 gold and 2 silver medals in Gymnastics at 1952 Helsinki Olympics.

Artur Ayvazian, born in Yerevan, Armenia in 1973, competed as a shooter for the Ukraine team, qualifying 21st for the 50 m. rifle prone on Aug. 3, and 10th for the 50 m. rifle 3 positions after a shoot off on Aug. 6. Four years ago, Artur won gold in the 50 m. rifle prone at the 2008 Beijing Olympics.

Tvin Moumjoghlian, representing Lebanon in women’s singles table tennis, was eliminated in the preliminary round on July 28. Born in Beirut in 1989, she started playing table tennis at age nine, under the tutelage of her father Raffi Moumjoghlian, a professional table tennis player and Lebanese champion. Tvin Moumjoghlian trained in Vienna for the 2012 London Games and has studied economics at the American University of Beirut.

Also competing on the Lebanese team is sprinter Gretta Taslakian, born in Ghadir, Lebanon, in 1985 to parents of Lebanese and Armenian origin. Her specialty is the running the 200 m. sprint and she has competed in the 2004 and 2008 Olympic Games, as well as in numerous other championships. On Aug. 6 she qualified for 8th place in round 1 of the women’s 200 m. sprint.

An Armenian can also be found on a United States team, but not as a competitor. Adam Krikorian is the head coach of the U.S. women’s water polo team. The team received attention after beating Italy 9-6 in the preliminary round. They’ll face Australia in the semifinals. Krikorian is also the water polo coach at UCLA.

On Sun., Aug. 5, Armenia won its first Olympic medal of the 2012 London Games. The bronze medal was awarded to Hripsime Khurshudyan, who competed in women’s weightlifting +75 kg. Born in Kasakh in 1987, this was Khurshudyan’s first medal awarded at an international competition.

Later in the evening on Sunday, Armenia won its second Olympic medal of the 2012 London Games, this time a silver medal which was awarded to Arsen Julfalakyan, in 74 kg. Greco-Roman wrestling. Born in Gyumri in 1987, he is the son of Armenia’s national wrestling coach Levon Julfalakyan, who won gold at the 1988 Seoul Olympics. Arsen Julfalakyan, who had placed 10th at the 2008 Beijing Olympics, defeated Azerbaijan’s Emin Ahmadov in the semifinal round, but lost to Russia’s Roman Vlasov in the finals. In previous years he won the 2009 European championship, plus a silver and a bronze at the 2010 and 2011 World championships.

On the evening of Monday August 7, Armenia brought its medal count at the London Games up to three, with a bronze awarded to Artur Aleksanyan, born in Gyumri in 1991, in men’s 96kg Greco-Roman Wrestling.  Artur defeated Cenk Ildem of Turkey 3-0 in the Repechage Round 2, before out-wrestling Yunior Estrada Falcon of Cuba 3-0 for the bronze.  Earlier in the afternoon, one of his team-mates Hovhannes Varderesyan, born in Yerevan in 1989, competing in men’s 66kg Greco-Roman Wrestling, was defeated in Repechage Round 1 by the wrestler Pedro Isaac Mulens Herrera from Cuba.

Arman Sanentz

Arman Sanentz

Arman Sanentz is a senior at Amesbury High School. Sanentz is the editor-in-chief of his school's newspaper, the AHS Weekly. He is also the president of the High School Band as well as the Foreign Language Honor Society. Sanentz is currently an intern at the Armenian Weekly.


  1. Great article.

    Wow ! the young man has done his research.
    AW is picking up some talented interns: future community leaders in the making.

    • If I’m not mistaken I read an article about or an interview with one of the 2 Armenians from the 1912 Olympics. He said he had befriended Jim Thorpe who, of course, was representing the US. He was racing Thorpe and beating him in one race but said when he imagined the Turkish flag being raised if he were to win, he slowed down and deliberately did not win. Must have been in an old Weekly article. Must be archived.

  2. Nice info in this article. I will say that as much as I am proud of Armenia’s achievements, at the same time I am disappointed taking the entire world Armenian population into perspective. We can do much better than this, there is a lot of room for improvement. We do this great big hoopla about sports and homentmen every year, and nothing to show for where it really counts, the Olympics, world championships, etc.

    Just look at Great Britain as an example, when they saw how poorly they did in previous Olympics, they took special action, and as the Olympics were to be held in London, the action was even more urgent… and they succeeded as one of the top medaling countries. I think this is what we lack, a sense of urgency… our mentality is that oh wow we got a bronze and therefore we are content. Instead our mentality should be that not winning many golds is not an option!

    Of course some may feel I am being unrealistic, after all being an Olympian is very hard, disciplined work, not to mention very expensive. So why is it that we don’t have committees that give young Armenians, at the very least, opportunities to show and develop their talents if they express willingness and a desire to be Olympians at an early age? There are a lot of kids in Armenia (as well as diaspora) who have the capabilities of becoming athletes, but don’t have the encouragement, funding or guidance to achieve their dreams.

    Also, Armenians must come out of their shell and open their repertoire to more sports than boxing, wrestling and weightlifting. I realize some sports need special physical features to be successful in, like basketball and volleyball requires tall players, gymnastics, shorter ones, etc. But most sports don’t have these restrictions. Besides, take shot-put for example, why weren’t there any Armenians there? I know a couple gigantic Armenians myself who would probably win a medal without even training.

    All told though, I am very proud of what Armenia achieved at these Olympics taking into consideration their size and being surrounded by evil, wicked countries who want to see nothing but its downfall. They showed many documentaries during the Olympics, yet Armenia’s case would have been a great documentary showing how a country who is blockaded and landlocked by Turks succeeded in showing at the Olympics and even taking medals and doing better than most other countries. Now that in itself deserves a gold medal!

    • I think archery would be a nice area for Armenians to excel in. It would have historic symbolism.

  3. This is a good article for a young man but, the first time Armenians participated at 1912. You could find more information in Hayk Demoyan’s book. Thank you .

  4. Congratulations Arman for your research and input. Nice to remember our pride and history during ages. Armenia’s participation and winning 3 medals in London, is an honorable presence by itself, taking into consideration the number of the athlets of the other competing countries. Congratulations to the heros. Meanwhile, “Navasartian” games also in our history considered as our own Olympics. For which, we are keeping that high and vivid spirit presently in Armenia and Diaspora. Our wish today, is to see more participants and couragment from Motherland for more victories and achievements in various fiields of Sports in Armenia.

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