Aznavour and the Armenian Genocide

With the recent death of the illustrious French-Armenian singer Charles Aznavour (Shahnour Aznavourian), we are reminded of his great legacy as a member of the global Armenian Diaspora and his influential impact on  the 1915 Armenian Genocide. While his mournful songs of estrangement and suffering, and the existential search for love and happiness, resonated with millions of adoring fans, it was his tribute to his ‘fallen’ ancestors that will remain indelible.

As far back as the early 1960s, I have memories of his plaintiff songs and my Armenian Canadian mother’s embrace of his ballads.  As an undergraduate, I was an enthusiastic fan of his memorable performance in “Shoot the Piano Player” (Tirez sur le pianiste) by acclaimed French filmmaker François Truffaut. Several decades later, I started exploring the way in which musicians and performers penned songs about genocide. As a professor,  I was researching for the Armenian Genocide displays at the newly established Canadian Museum for Human Rights in Winnipeg, Manitoba. Then I became an editor of the first-ever English-language encyclopedia on the Armenian Genocide entitled The Armenian Genocide: The Essential Reference Guide (2015).

I drew upon the research of Jack Der-Sarkissian’s “Musical Perspectives on the Armenian Genocide: From Aznavour to ‘System of a Down’” in one of the pioneering collections edited by distinguished Professor Richard Hovannisian: The Armenian Genocide: Cultural and Ethical Legacies (2007). In the music entry of the encyclopedia, I noted that in 1975, as part of the 60th anniversary of the genocide, Aznavour co-wrote (with George Garvarentz) and performed in French the somber song “Ils sont tombes” (They have fallen). Its lyrics translated into English by Nanor Kabakian capture the essence of genocide. Among the more memorable lines are the following: “They fell without knowing why…Men, women, and children whose only wish was to live…They were mutilated, massacred, while their eyes were full of fear…They fell silently. By thousands, and the millions, while the world remained silent. In the desert, their bodies looked like minuscule red flowers. Covered by a sandstorm, which also concealed their existence…Only to die anywhere, without leaving any trace. Ignored, forgotten as they were going into eternal sleep…I, myself, am of this race which now sleeps without a resting place. Who chose to die rather than relinquish the faith…Death struck them, regardless of their age. Their only crime being children of Armenia.”

We remain eternally grateful for Aznavour. We recall his determination to remember with word and song.

Alan Whitehorn

Alan Whitehorn

Alan Whitehorn is an emeritus professor of political science at the Royal Military College of Canada and the author of several books on the Armenian Genocide, including "Just Poems: Reflections on the Armenian Genocide." He is also the editor of "The Armenian Genocide: The Essential Reference Guide."


  1. Great tribute.
    Thank you Alan Whitehorn for mentioning “Ils sont tombes”, a very moving song that is seldom played and rarely mentioned…perhaps the lyrics are too raw for the for those who have not lived these experiences, even second or third hand?

  2. Thank you Professor Whitehorn. Music is a delicate legacy of genocide,of grief, of survival. Thanks for drawing our attention to the role of Aznavour in this important genre.

  3. TKU Alan for this touching tribute. It is handful of artists, intellectuals and historians who have kept the Armenian people informed and engaged. We owe it to all of you who continue to shed light on the Armenian genocide through your artistic and intellectual work. Merci encore. annie

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