Armenian Authorities Issue Ultimatum
YEREVAN (RFE/RL)—Riot police clashed with hundreds of people late on July 29 near a police compound in Yerevan occupied by gunmen affiliated with an Armenian opposition group.
The violence, which left three RFE/RL journalists injured, unfolded amid the sound of gunshots and explosions coming from the compound located in the city’s southern Erebuni district. It was not immediately clear whether security forces were conducting a large-scale operation there.
The protesters sympathetic to the gunmen unexpectedly tried to approach the building from the nearby Sari Tagh neighborhood overlooking it. Some of them threw stones when they were confronted by rows of riot police, who briefly fired stun grenades in response.
The chief of Yerevan’s police department, Ashot Karapetian, and other senior law-enforcement officers warned two protest leaders—Amen Martirosian and Levon Barseghian — to lead the crowd back to the city center.
“Armen, you can’t control them,” said Karapetian. “They threw stones. Some policemen were injured. Tell the people to go back to where you held rallies [until now.]”
Martirosian said the stones were thrown by “provocateurs” and assured the officers that the crowd does not intend to break through the police cordon and enter the police compound.
The officers dismissed the assurances. They said that the rally is illegal and that gunshots fired around the compound are too dangerous for its participants.
About 10 minutes later, the police charged at the protesters, firing tear gas and throwing stun and flash grenades.
Some protesters as well as three RFE/RL journalists—Karlen Aslanian, Hovannes Movsisian and Garik Harutiunian—were attacked and beaten up by a large group of plainclothes men armed with sticks and metal bars as they retreated towards downtown Yerevan. The men, who appeared to be police officers, were clearly aware that they are assaulting reporters.
“Are you filming?” one of them said before punching Movsisian, smashing his camera and tearing off his ID badge.
“I told them that I stopped filming but they kept hitting me,” Movsisian said by phone as he ran for safety and took cover in a local shop shortly before midnight.
“They are chasing us and trying to arrest everyone in sight,” he said, adding that he witnessed dozens of protesters injured and detained at the scene.
The two other RFE/RL reporters were also injured before fleeing to safety through another Sari Tagh street.
At about the same time the police also dispersed a smaller crowd that gathered on a section of Khorenatsi Street leading to the seized police building. The street section has been the scene of virtually daily rallies held in support of the gunmen.
The police used force moments after a senior officer told 200 or so people standing there that their gathering is illegal. Dozens of protesters were subsequently detained.
One young man had blood all over his face as he was dragged away by several officers. The latter claimed that he fell to the ground and injured himself before being caught.
The police did not attack journalists or obstruct their work in that area.
Another RFE/RL correspondent saw seven people rushed to the Erebuni Medical Center, the nearest hospital, more than an hour after the outbreak of the violence. Four of them were injured policemen. It was not immediately clear who the three others were.
Nine more people were taken to the Erebuni hospital in the following hours.
At least 40 injured people, four of them policemen, were taken to another Yerevan hospital, Surb Grigor Lusavorich. A senior doctor there told RFE/RL’s Armenian service that most of them suffered burns apparently caused by the police flashbangs. Two of them are in a serious condition, he said.
An Armenian Health Ministry spokeswoman said early on Saturday that a total of about 60 people were hospitalized overnight.
Meanwhile, the Armenian police spokesman, Ashot Aharonian, defended the use of force at Sari Tagh. He claimed that the protesters tried to join the besieged gunmen from that neighborhood.
The official promised that the police will “immediately” investigate violent attacks on journalists from RFE/RL and other media outlets that covered the dramatic events.
“A police serviceman suffered a gunshot wound outside the [Erebuni] police compound and was transferred to hospital,” Aharonian wrote on Facebook at midnight. He did not clarify whether the officer was shot by the gunmen.
In an earlier Facebook post, Aharonian insisted that security forces are “not conducting any operation” against the armed oppositionists.
Armenian Authorities Issue Ultimatum
Armenian security forces gave armed members of a radical opposition group until 5 p.m. July 30, to lay down their arms or face a large-scale assault on a police station in Yerevan that has been occupied by them for the past two weeks.
“Or else, special units of law-enforcement bodies will be authorized to open fire and neutralize, without prior warnings, any armed person in and outside the [seized] police regiment,” Armenia’s National Security Service (NSS) said in a statement issued at 4 p.m. local time.
The NSS linked the ultimatum with intensive gunfire which it said the gunmen opened late on Friday at NSS and police units surrounding them. It said a number of police officers was wounded before the security forces returned fire.
“After what happened on the evening of July 29, all real possibilities of reaching a peaceful resolution of the situation with the terrorists have been exhausted,” declared the security agency. Use of force against them has become “absolutely necessary” in these circumstances, it added.