Remembering a Veteran: Haroutiun Khachadoorian’s Life of Patriotic Dedication, as Revealed Through the ARF Archives

Special to the Armenian Weekly


Recently, while working in the Armenian Revolutionary Federation (ARF) archives, I happened upon an interesting letter. Though it was part of the Misak Torlakian collection, the document itself does not appear to have any relevance to the other material in that collection. The letter was one of four unrelated documents in a single envelop labeled simply “old papers.”

General Harbord’s letter to 1st Lt. Khachadoorian (Document: ARF Archives)
Dated Nov. 9, 1919, the letter was written by General James Harbord to 1st Lieutenant H. H. Khachadoorian, U.S. Engineers. It was written aboard the U.S.S. Martha Washington at sea, and had as its subject “Service with American Military Mission to Armenia.”
Khachadoorian’s 1919 passport application (page 1 of 2) (Document:

In 1907, Haroutiun Hovhannes Khachadoorian, a native of Aintab, arrived in the United States. He entered the University of Vermont (UVM) to study civil engineering and graduated with honors. While at UVM, he received the Bissell Prize for Progress and the Edward Haight Phelps Prize in Civil Engineering. In 1914, he received U.S. citizenship in Vermont.

Khachadoorian’s 1919 passport application (page 2 of 2) (Document:

After graduation, Khachadoorian briefly taught at UVM before working for the Halifax Eastern Railroad as Engineer in Charge between July 1915 and July 1916. He also worked for a time at Monks and Johnson, an engineering firm in Boston.

Khachadoorian’s WWI draft registration card (Document:

Khachadoorian joined the U.S. army and was a member of the American Expeditionary Force in France. The document in the ARF archives is in regard to his time with the American Military Mission to Armenia under General James Harbord. On Sept. 7, 1919, the Harbord mission had left Constantinople and over the next month traveled from Cilicia to Yerevan. Numerous archives and publications detail the Harbord mission, and even a brief video (below) exists through the U.S. National Archives.

As can be imagined, traveling those regions at that time exposed the group to numerous difficulties and dangers, and 1st Lt. Khachadoorian was in the thick of it. As I researched more about Khachadoorian, I happened upon an account in the Armenian Review by James Tashjian about the Harbord Mission, which included a biography of Khachadoorian with reference to the specific letter that is the subject of this article. In addition, a 1941 issue of the Hairenik amsakir (monthly) includes a detailed report by Khachadoorian of his time with the mission.

Khachadoorian’s name (13 of 19) on the passenger list for U.S.S. Martha Washington, sailing from Brest, France on Nov. 1, 1919. Click here for full image. (Document:

Harbord would write to Khachadoorian: “Your knowledge of the several languages spoken in Turkey and the Trans-Caucasus; your knowledge of the people and their customs were invaluable to us. Your untiring industry and invariable willingness to do well any duty given you were of very great service to the Mission, not to mention your technical knowledge as a civil engineer.”

Some 99 years have now passed since the letter of recommendation for Haroutiun Khachadoorian by General James Harbord. This Veterans’ Day, it seemed appropriate to highlight Khachadoorian’s life and contributions.

Khachadoorian’s 1923 passport application (Document:

Clearly, he embodies the finest qualities of selflessness, achieving excellence in scholarship and patriotic dedication to both his nation of birth and nation of adoption.

After serving the Harbord mission, Khachadoorian would go on to serve as part of the Near East Relief before returning permanently to the U.S. He married and lived in the Springfield, Mass. area and had one son, Robert.


* For further information, refer to The Republic of Armenia, Volume II by Richard Hovannisian, The American Mission to Armenia by James Tashjian (a series of seven articles running from Spring 1949 through Autumn 1950 in The Armenian Review), and Amerigian Zinvoragan Arakeloutiunu Tebi Hayastan by Haroutiun Hovhannes Khachadoorian in Jan. 1941 issue of the Hairenik Amsakir.


George Aghjayan

George Aghjayan is the Director of the Armenian Historical Archives and the chair of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation (ARF) Central Committee of the Eastern United States. Aghjayan graduated with honors from Worcester Polytechnic Institute in 1988 with a Bachelor of Science degree in Actuarial Mathematics. He achieved Fellowship in the Society of Actuaries in 1996. After a career in both insurance and structured finance, Aghjayan retired in 2014 to concentrate on Armenian related research and projects. His primary area of focus is the demographics and geography of western Armenia as well as a keen interest in the hidden Armenians living there today. Other topics he has written and lectured on include Armenian genealogy and genocide denial. He is a board member of the National Association of Armenian Studies and Research (NAASR), a frequent contributor to the Armenian Weekly and, and the creator and curator, a website dedicated to the preservation of Armenian culture in Western Armenia.

Latest posts by George Aghjayan (see all)

Be the first to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.